What is the difference between champagne and sparkling wine?
Champagne is a kind of sparkling wine made from white grapes and only this sparkling wine produced in Champagne, an area in the East North of France, is called Champagne.
Sparkling wine is the name used for a kind of wine that releases tiny bubbles after being opened. Champagne is one of those. Beside Champagne, there are also Crémant in other regions, Cava from Spain, Sekt and Perlwein in Germany, many other types of sparkling Italian wines including Proseecco, Asti and Franciacorta. However, only sparkling wine originated in France is called Champagne. Other types of sparkling wine from other countries should be simply considered sparkling wine or frizzante wine.
A cup of champagne is the harmonization of many flavors such as splintered fresh apple, spiced apple, ripe pear, baked fresh bread and also the flavor of yeast in the process of making wine. Taking a sip of champagne and feeling the taste of ripe fruits mean that you are enjoying great champagne.
Nowadays, almost all of grapes to make champagne are from Chardonnay, Pinot noir and Pinot Meunier. Most of the bottles of champagne are labelled “Non-vintage”, which means that they are mixed with grapes of different years. Generally, these types of wine consist of 10% to 15% (even 40%) of wine made from grape harvested many years ago.